Canada's new emissions standards for gasoline and diesel will allow oil companies that get a federal tax break for installing carbon capture and storage systems to also generate credits based on those systems, which they can then sell to refineries and fuel importers.
Cabinet approved the final regulations for the Clean Fuel Standard last week and The Canadian Press obtained them Monday ahead of their intended publication July 6.
The regulations require Canadian companies that produce or import gasoline or diesel to register as “primary suppliers'' and then show how they are ratcheting down the life cycle emissions for the fuels by a fixed amount every year until 2030.
Life cycle emissions include every greenhouse gas produced from initial extraction, through refining, upgrading and transporting, to their final use such as to power a vehicle.
To comply with the new standards, companies need to show that they have reduced the life cycle emissions the required amount through a variety of activities, including buying credits from other companies along the life cycle chain that have reduced their own emissions.
Those credits can come from things such as building electric vehicle charging stations, replacing coal or natural gas power plants with renewable electricity sources, producing and distributing biofuels, or investments in clean technology including carbon capture and storage.
Carbon capture projects that benefit from the new federal tax credit – worth 50 to 60 per cent of the project's cost can also generate Clean Fuel Standard credits for sale.
“So they're double counting,'' said NDP environment critic Laurel Collins.
Collins said the Clean Fuel Standard is an “essential'' tool to drive investments and conversions to renewable energy, but as it currently stands, it's not appearing to be doing much of that.
The Canadian Fuels Association wouldn't comment on the final version of the regulations until the government officially releases them but said it has long supported the plan.
“The CFA and its members are obligated parties and have consistently been on the public record in support of the Clean Fuel (Standard) because it promotes a `technology neutral' approach to decarbonizing fuels and provides policy certainty that is necessary for companies to plan and invest in low carbon fuels projects,'' a statement from the association said Tuesday.
“In preparation for this regulation our members have already committed to billions of dollars of investments in low-carbon fuel technologies.''
© 2022 The Canadian Press