A.P. Moller-Maersk A/S has agreed to buy a minority stake in a green-fuel startup backed by Warren Buffett, as the world’s largest container line latches on to new technologies to de-carbonize its fleet.
Maersk, which didn’t disclose the size of the deal, said its investment in California-based WasteFuel is part of a wider strategy to commit funds toward developing energy that doesn’t pollute.
“We need green fuels from all over the world and we need them in huge quantities,” Morten Bo Christiansen, the director in charge of cutting CO2 emissions at the Copenhagen-based shipping firm, said in an interview. WasteFuel, which converts trash into green bio-methanol, sustainable aviation fuel and renewable natural gas, “is at the forefront in its field and we hope that one day we can make an off-take agreement with them,” he said.
Maersk consumes about 12 million tonnes of marine oil per year, roughly equal to all the oil produced in the world in a single day. The company needs to find green alternatives for all that fuel by 2050, when it plans to be carbon neutral.
“It’s a chicken-and-egg problem,” Christiansen said. “No one is making green methanol because there’s no demand to consume it, but there are no vessels to consume it because there is no methanol to buy. We are trying to break the situation by helping create a market.”
Christiansen said Maersk plans to buy more green fuel startups in the near future.
“We definitely expect to invest in more because so much needs to happen,” he said. “We want to stimulate the market in all technologies and in all geographies.”
Maersk expects the investment to help WasteFuel build bio-refineries, with the first fuel expected to be ready in 2024. Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway Inc. invests in WasteFuel via its private-plane unit, NetJets.
Maersk’s green fuel projects:
- Biodiesel: Sourced from food waste such as used cooking oil. Maersk is already using it in some ships but the problem is it’s becoming scarce. “The world isn’t eating enough French fries,” CEO Soren Skou said last month.
- E-Methanol: Sourced from green hydrogen and captured CO2. Maersk expects this fuel may be what turns shipping carbon neutral in the long term because it has scalability advantages. Last month Maersk signed its first contract for the fuel for a ship that will operate in 2023.
- Bio-Methanol: Sourced from sustainable biomass such as feedstock. This is the type that WasteFuel develops and it’s cheaper than E-methanol so Maersk sees this as a key short- and medium-term solution to cutting CO2. In the long-term, biomass shortages may pose limitations.
- Ammonia: Maersk hasn’t yet started experiments but sees it as a potential green marine fuel of the future. The advantage is that it’s already being produced for other uses while the main disadvantage is that it’s highly toxic.
© 2021 Bloomberg L.P.