Oil edged higher at the end of a week in which prices have climbed on optimism the recovery in demand from the COVID-19 pandemic is improving.
Futures in New York rose on Friday and are up more than seven per cent this week. China’s economy soared in the first quarter, while the country’s refiners processed more than 14 million barrels a day again in March. A Chinese mega-refiner and some Japanese oil companies have also been snapping up crude cargoes, boding well for the physical market.
Positive signs from Asia follow a pick-up in the U.S. this week. Data in recent days showed jobless claims falling to a new pandemic-era low, and retail sales and gasoline demand expanding. The global market may see a temporary lull due to new virus outbreaks, according to the International Energy Agency, but the agency followed OPEC in boosting its full-year estimates for consumption.
Not everywhere is recovering strongly, though. In India, refineries are diverting oxygen produced at their plants to hospitals to help battle a serious second wave, which has led to fuel sales tumbling during the first half of April compared with a month earlier.
“Given the improving outlook for the world’s two biggest economies, there is little chance of the market’s feel-good glow being extinguished anytime soon,” said PVM Oil Associates analyst Stephen Brennock.
- West Texas Intermediate futures rose 0.2 per cent to $63.60 a barrel at 10:18 a.m. London time
- Brent increased 0.3 per cent to $67.11
With Asian buying picking up, gauges of market strength have also climbed. Brent’s nearest timespread was in a bullish backwardation of 50 cents a barrel on Friday. That compares with as little as 37 cents on Wednesday.
The market is also facing an increase in supply in the coming months, although the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries said this week that rising demand should trim global stockpiles. Exports of Russia’s flagship Urals crude are set to rise sharply in the first five days of May, a move that pressured swap markets tied to the grade.
© 2021 Bloomberg L.P.